Online day

Breaking News

Mount Kilimanjaro: The Ultimate information to Africa's Highest Mountain

Mount Kilimanjaro is the highest mountain in Africa at 5,345 meters (19341 feet), but not a mountain in the traditional sense. It is a giant mountain that began to form about a million years ago and consists of several layers of hard volcanic ash, lava, pumice and tephra, a non-living matter caused by a volcanic eruption. There are many theories about the meaning and origin of the name. One theory is that the name is a mixture of the word Swahili Kelima, which means "mountain", and the word Kigerj Ngaro translated vaguely as "blank". Another is that Kilimanjaro is the European pronunciation of KiChagga saying "we can not climb it".

Mount Kilimanjaro: The Ultimate information to Africa's Highest Mountain

One of the seven peaks (the highest peaks of the seven continents), Kilimanjaro is located in Tanzania in East Africa. Kilimanjaro is located in Kilimanjaro National Park, covering 296 square miles (756 square kilometers). Mount Kilimanjaro stretches from its base at about 16,732 feet (5100 meters) of the plains near the Tanzanian city of Mushi, the highest mountain in the world. Kilimanjaro contains three volcanic cones: Kibo is the summit. Mawenzi one of the highest point at 16893 feet (5,149 meters) from sea level and Shiites at an altitude of 13,000 feet (3962 m). The top of Ohoro is the highest peak on the edge of the Kibo pit. Ohoro, Swahili for Freedom, was named in 1961 when Tanganyika gained independence. Tanganyika then joined the Zanzibar islands to form Tanzania.

While the other two are extinct volcanic formations, which means it is unlikely to break out again, Kibo is inactive (the highest peak), so the rash can enter. The last major eruptions date back to 360,000 years, but volcanic activity was recorded 200 years ago. While Kibo is inactive, gas is emitted into the crater, causing many landslides and mudslides and creating the largest area known as the Western Gap. Although the name Kilimanjaro originated in the word KiChagga for "white", it becomes less. Although it is still covered in glaciers and glaciers at higher levels, global warming is rapidly changing the climate, and scientists expect the famous Kilimanjaro snow to disappear somewhere between 2022 and 2033.

The Rise of Kilimanjaro 

About 30,000 people travel to Kilimanjaro every year, and about three-quarters of them reach the top. It is a relatively safe climb and most climbers who do not reach the top face problems with altitude or harsh climates near the top. Peak temperatures can be 0 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 18 degrees Celsius) and if the wind blows, chills reach to dangerous levels. Climbing can be done at any time of the year, but the rainy season in the winter makes the summer and early autumn a famous opportunity to climb.

Kilimanjaro has five ways to climb to the top 

Marengo Road. Machame Road Rongai Road Limosho and Moika Road. Machame and LEMOSHO are the most popular scenic routes, while the busy Marangu is the easiest to climb to the final hard climb to the edge of the crater. In 1861, the German Baron Karl von der Decken Klaus and British geologist Richard Thornton made an initial attempt to climb Kibo but were forced to retreat to 8,200 feet (2,500 meters). Von der Decken was tested for the second time the following year, and with Otto Kersten, it reached 4.280 meters.

In 1887, during his first attempt to climb Mount Kilimanjaro, German geologist Hans Meyer arrived at the base of Kibo but was not well equipped to deal with ice and deep ice and withdrew. On October 5, 1889, Meyer, Maranjo Yuan as Explorer Keniala Lau and Austrian Ludwig Pretzler were the first teams to reach the top. They were the first to confirm that Kibo had a crater filled with ice at the time.

Mountain, Badger, and Bushbabies 

Kilimanjaro includes a variety of ecosystems, including tropical forests, leaves, desserts, montane, sub-class and alpine wood plants. Kilimanjaro has a variety of forest species with 1,200 species of vascular plants. Lakota montañosa forests are located on the wet southern slope. The forests of Cassipourea and Juniperus grow on the dry northern slope.

Africa's sub-forest, at an altitude of 13,401 feet (4,100 meters), is the highest cloud forest in Africa. Another feature of the Kilimanjaro forests is the lack of a bamboo area, present in all other high mountains in East Africa with rainfall.

Online day || Copyright © 2018

No comments